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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
LIMONGI, Jean Ezequiel et al. Malaria outbreaks in a non-endemic area of Brazil, 2005. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.3, pp. 232-237. ISSN 1678-9849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822008000300002.
In March 2005, a resident of the municipality of Monte Alegre de Minas, State of Minas Gerais, without any history of traveling to endemic areas for malaria, was diagnosed with Plasmodium vivax infection and local mosquito-borne transmission was suspected. The epidemiological investigation identified another 10 cases with local transmission and all of them were related to the imported malaria case that was detected in this region. The potential exposure site was the banks of the river Tejuco, an area frequented by mineral prospectors. Some of these prospectors were known to have come from states with malaria transmission. In the autochthonous cases, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum were diagnosed. Entomological investigation identified Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) darlingi, Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis, Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) triannulatus and Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) parvus. After the first outbreak, another three autochthonous cases were notified in municipality of Monte Alegre de Minas, in the same year. The occurrence of these outbreaks highlights the importance of surveillance systems in areas that are nonendemic for malaria.
Keywords : Malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; Plasmodium vivax; Outbreaks; State of Minas Gerais.