Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Print version ISSN 0037-8682
On-line version ISSN 1678-9849
GOMEZ-HERNANDEZ, César et al. Prevalence of triatomines (Hemíptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) infected by Trypanosoma cruzi: seasonality and distribution in the Ciénega region of the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.3, pp.257-262. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822008000300007.
The physical and geographical characteristics of the Ciénega region, Jalisco, Mexico make it suitable for transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent for Chagas disease. This study characterizes the prevalence of triatomines infected by this parasite, their seasonality and their distribution in this region. A total of 328 triatomines were evaluated between January 2005 and June 2007, from 13 municipalities in the region. April, May and June were the months with the highest capture levels. Among the triatomines examined, 57.3% were positive for Trypanosoma cruzi, corresponding to 15.4% in urban areas and 84.6% in rural areas. The species with greatest prevalence was Triatoma longipennis and the species with the highest parasitism rate was Triatoma barberi, with an infection rate of 83.3%, whereas the rate for Triatoma longipennis was 67.5% (p<0.05). This natural infection in the captured vectors may indicate that individuals in this region have high exposure to Trypanosoma cruzi. The recent findings of positive Triatoma dimidiata in this region suggest that new species are becoming adapted to the ecological conditions of these populations.
Keywords : Trypanosoma cruzi; Triatomines; Chagas disease.