Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682
LANNOY, Leonor Henriette de; CORTEZ-ESCALANTE, Juan José; EVANGELISTA, Maria do Socorro Nantua e ROMERO, Gustavo Adolfo Sierra. Tuberculosis incidence and risk factors among patients living with HIV/AIDS in public health service institutions in Brasilia, Federal District. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.6, pp. 549-555. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822008000600001.
In order to estimate the incidence of and risk factors for developing tuberculosis, the clinical charts of a retrospective cohort of 281 HIV-positive adults, who were notified to the AIDS Program of the Health Department of Brasilia in 1998, were reviewed in 2003. All the patients were treatment-naive regarding antiretroviral therapy at the time of inclusion in the cohort. Twenty-nine patients were identified as having tuberculosis at the start of the study. Thirteen incident tuberculosis cases were identified during the 60 months of follow-up, with an incidence density rate of 1.24/100 person-years. Tuberculosis incidence was highest among patients with baseline CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts < 200 cells/µl who were not using antiretroviral therapy (incidence = 5.47; 95% CI = 2.73 to 10.94). Multivariate analysis showed that baseline CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts < 200 cells/µl (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 5.09; 95% CI = 1.27 to 20.37; p = 0.02) and non-use of antiretroviral therapy (AHR = 12.17; 95% CI = 2.6 to 56.90; p = 0.001) were independently associated with increased risk of tuberculosis.
Palavras-chave : Tuberculosis; Incidence; Human immunodeficiency virus; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; Risk factors; Survival.