Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682
PENNA, Gerson Oliveira et al. Clinical and epidemiological study of leprosy cases in the University Hospital of Brasília: 20 years - 1985 to 2005. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.6, pp. 575-580. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822008000600006.
Hansen's disease, also known as leprosy, is an infectious disease still prevalent in Brazil. It is a chronic illness with acute immunological phenomena known as leprosy reactions. In the Federal District of Brazil, the University Hospital of Brasília is the reference centre for leprosy care. The study aimed to characterize the clinical and epidemiological profile of Hansen's disease patients at the University Hospital of Brasília, by descriptive, retrospective analysis of 1,124 patients over the period from 1985 to 2005. The pattern of leprosy in this study demonstrated that type 2 leprosy reactions were common, especially in the lepromatous form and presented a direct correlation with the bacilloscopic index. The prevalence and frequency of severe complications, such as leprosy reactions, emphasize the importance of the ongoing study of leprosy and the need for continual improvement in the scope of knowledge concerning its treatment.
Palavras-chave : Hansen's disease; Leprosy; Epidemiology; Leprosy reaction; Histopathology.