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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682

Abstract

DINIZ, Lílian Martins Oliveira et al. Neurological involvement in visceral leishmaniasis: case report. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2010, vol.43, n.6, pp.743-745. ISSN 0037-8682.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822010000600031.

Visceral leishmaniasis is a severe and potentially fatal vector-borne disease. The most typical symptoms are fever, hepatosplenomegaly, weight loss, bleeding and bacterial infections. Neurological changes are rarely reported. This paper describes a child who presented with neurological signs as the first symptoms of leishmaniasis; tone was diminished and tremors in the extremities were observed. A diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis was confirmed by parasite detection in the bone marrow. Symptoms were reversed by specific treatment. The nature of a possible mechanism of neurological involvement in visceral leishmaniasis remains unexplained.

Keywords : Neurological symptoms; Visceral leishmaniasis; Kala-azar; Children.

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