Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Print version ISSN 0037-8682
SILVA, Eduardo Olavo da Rocha e; RODRIGUES, Vera Lúcia Cortiço Corrêa; SILVA, Rubens Antonio da and WANDERLEY, Dalva Marli Valério. Control Program of Chagas disease in São Paulo, Brazil: the control and surveillance of vector transmission. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2011, vol.44, suppl.2, pp. 74-84. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822011000800012.
The control of the vectors of Chagas' disease in the State of Sao Paulo are discussed, mainly those activities that led to the elimination of Triatoma infestans. Secondary factors that helped the control such as rural exodus are also analyzed. The article shows that since 1965 the control became a campaign with different phases due to the epidemiological situation, the acquired knowledge and the entomological surveillance. After 25 years of work, the elimination of all the focus of Triatoma infestans was finally reached and the campaign was ended. However, due to the possibility of reintroduction of the vector in rural areas by passive transportation besides the presence of secondary vectors (Triatoma sordida and Panstrongylus megistus) in several localities, the vector control activities were not interrupted and the surveillance is continuous.
Keywords : Chagas disease; Vectorial control; Entomological surveillance; Triatominae; Triatoma infestans.