Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
LEGRIFFON, Cristiane Machado de Oliveira et al. Sandfly frequency in a clean and well-organized rural environment in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.1, pp. 77-82. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822012000100015.
INTRODUCTION: Sandflies caught in Santa Juliana Farm in Sarandi, State of Paraná, Brazil, were assessed in terms of their fauna, seasonality, and frequency in the homes and in shelters of domestic animals around the homes, as well as in the nearby forest. METHODS: In Santa Juliana Farm, there are no records of cases of ACL, differing from other relatively clean and organized areas where surveys of sandflies have been conducted in Paraná. Samples were collected with Falcão light traps, fortnightly from 22:00 to 02:00 hours, from November 2007 to November 2008. RESULTS: A total of 4,506 sandflies were captured, representing 13 species, predominantly Nyssomyia whitmani (71.8%). More sandflies were collected in the forest (52.6%) than outside the forest (residences and pigsty) (47.4%). However, Ny. whitmani was collected in greater numbers outside (38.3%) than inside the forest (33.5%). Most sandflies were collected in the warmer months and during periods with regular rainfall. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that cleaning and organization around the houses could reduce sandfly population in peridomicile. Constructing shelters for animal at a distance of approximately 100m from domiciles is recommended to prevent the invasion of sandflies, as this farm has an area of preserved forest, with wild animals and sandflies present to maintain the enzootic cycle of Leishmania.
Palabras clave : Phlebotominae; Vectors ecology; Control of leishmaniasis.