Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
CORTEZ-ESCALANTE, Juan José et al. Mediastinitis and pericardial effusion in a patient with AIDS and disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection: a case report. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.3, pp. 407-409. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822012000300027.
We report the case of a 36-year-old man who had acquired immune deficiency syndrome and developed suppurative mediastinitis extending over the left lung and anterior thoracic wall around the sternum, pericardial effusions, splenomegaly, and mesenteric and periaortic lymphadenomegaly due to Mycobacterium avium (genotype I). The organism was isolated from an axillary lymph node and the bone marrow. Mediastinitis associated with disseminated M. avium complex infection is uncommon and, to the best of our knowledge, this manifestation has not reported before.
Palabras clave : Mycobacterium avium; Pericarditis; Mediastinitis; AIDS; HIV.