Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
BRITO, Maria Edileuza Felinto de et al. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in northeastern Brazil: a critical appraisal of studies conducted in State of Pernambuco. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.4, pp.425-429. Epub 26-Jul-2012. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822012005000006.
American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is a complex disease with clinical and epidemiological features that may vary from region to region. In fact, at least seven different Leishmania species, including Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis, Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni, Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi, Leishmania (Viannia) shawi, Leishmania (Viannia) lindenbergi, and Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis, have been implicated in the etiology of ACL in Brazil, and numerous phlebotomine sandfly species of the genus Lutzomyia have been regarded as putative or proven vectors. Because ACL is a focal disease, understanding the disease dynamics at the local level is essential for the implementation of more effective control measures. The present paper is a narrative review about the ACL epidemiology in Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Furthermore, the need for more effective diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention strategies for the affected populations is highlighted. This paper will provide researchers with a critical appraisal of ACL in Pernambuco. Hopefully, it will also be helpful for public health authorities to improve current control strategies against ACL at the state and country levels.
Palabras clave : Cutaneous leishmaniasis; Leishmania braziliensis; Reservoirs; Insect vectors; Diagnosis; Epidemiology.