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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
versión impresa ISSN 0037-8682
LOBATO, Lucas et al. Development of cognitive abilities of children infected with helminths through health education. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2012, vol.45, n.4, pp.514-519. ISSN 0037-8682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86822012000400020.
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of health education in learning and cognitive development of children infected, previously treated in an endemic area for helminthiasis. METHODS: It is a longitudinal, experimental, with random allocation of participants. The study included 87 children of both sexes enrolled in the school hall of Maranhão, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and divided into two groups: intervention and control. Initially the children were submitted to the parasitological fecal examination for infection diagnosis and, when positive, they were treated. For the data collection, a structured questionnaire and the psychological tests Raven, Wisc-III and DAP III were applied, before and after the educational intervention. For the group comparison, the Mann Whitney test was used, and established significance level of 5%. RESULTS: It was found that previously infected children who received the educational intervention, children showed higher performance than the control group in strutured questionnaire (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It is acceptable to suppose the positive influence and the importance in the use of educational interventions in the cognitive recovery and learning of children previously treated with anthelmintics.
Palabras clave : Learning; Children; Cognitive development; Health education; Helminthosis.