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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682

Abstract

VICENTE, Creuza Rachel et al. Factors related to severe dengue during an epidemic in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, 2011. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2013, vol.46, n.5, pp.629-632. ISSN 0037-8682.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-1579-2013.

Introduction

The prognosis of dengue depends on early diagnosis and treatment, which can help prevent severe forms whose characteristics were evaluated here.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted involving dengue cases in Vitória, State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, in 2011.

Results

Two health regions registered 56.3% of 371 cases of severe dengue. Of these cases, 21.3% presented with dengue hemorrhagic fever. There were associations between dengue hemorrhagic fever with younger ages and a longer time before receiving care.

Conclusions

There was a greater involvement of dengue hemorrhagic fever in young people. Delay in care, poor urban quality and high endemicity were identified as possible risk factors for dengue severity.

Keywords : Dengue hemorrhagic fever; Age distribution; Socioeconomic factors.

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