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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682

Resumo

CHAGAS, Aucely Corrêa Fernandes et al. Prevalence of latent tuberculosis and treatment adherence among patients with chronic kidney disease in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2014, vol.47, n.2, pp.204-211. ISSN 0037-8682.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0035-2014.

Introduction

The primary strategy for tuberculosis control involves identifying individuals with latent tuberculosis. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who were undergoing hemodialysis in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, to characterize the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of patients with latent tuberculosis, to verify the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the occurrence of latent tuberculosis, and to monitor patient adherence to latent tuberculosis treatment.

Methods

This epidemiological study involved 418 CKD patients who were undergoing hemodialysis and who underwent a tuberculin skin test.

Results

The prevalence of latent tuberculosis was 10.3%. The mean patient age was 53.43±14.97 years, and the patients were predominantly men (63.9%). The population was primarily Caucasian (58.6%); half (50%) were married, and 49.8% had incomplete primary educations. Previous contact with tuberculosis patients was reported by 80% of the participants. Treatment adherence was 97.7%.

Conclusions

We conclude that the prevalence of latent tuberculosis in our study population was low. Previous contact with patients with active tuberculosis increased the occurrence of latent infection. Although treatment adherence was high in this study, it is crucial to monitor tuberculosis treatment administered to patients in health services to maintain this high rate.

Palavras-chave : Prevalence; Latent tuberculosis; Chronic kidney disease; Tuberculin skin test; Renal dialysis.

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