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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682On-line version ISSN 1678-9849

Abstract

PINHEIRO, Patrícia Yvonne Maciel; SETUBAL, Sérgio  and  OLIVEIRA, Solange Artimos de. Post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis in 125 patients in Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2019, vol.52, e20190039.  Epub July 18, 2019. ISSN 0037-8682.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0039-2019.

INTRODUCTION:

The growing incidence of post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis (PSAM) may be related to the increased use of low- and medium-complexity video-assisted surgery.

METHODS:

Between April 2007 and June 2009, 125 patients were referred from the State Health Department of Rio de Janeiro for the treatment of confirmed, probable, or suspected PSAM.

RESULTS:

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure (48.8%) among patients. Clarithromycin, ethambutol, and terizidone were used to treat 113 patients for a mean duration of 226 days.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite the need for multidrug therapy and long treatment duration, most included patients adhered to treatment and experienced cure without relapse.

Keywords : Post-surgical wound infection; Mycobacterium infection; Multidrug therapy.

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