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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682On-line version ISSN 1678-9849


PINHEIRO, Patrícia Yvonne Maciel; SETUBAL, Sérgio  and  OLIVEIRA, Solange Artimos de. Post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis in 125 patients in Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. [online]. 2019, vol.52, e20190039.  Epub July 18, 2019. ISSN 0037-8682.


The growing incidence of post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis (PSAM) may be related to the increased use of low- and medium-complexity video-assisted surgery.


Between April 2007 and June 2009, 125 patients were referred from the State Health Department of Rio de Janeiro for the treatment of confirmed, probable, or suspected PSAM.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure (48.8%) among patients. Clarithromycin, ethambutol, and terizidone were used to treat 113 patients for a mean duration of 226 days.


Despite the need for multidrug therapy and long treatment duration, most included patients adhered to treatment and experienced cure without relapse.

Keywords : Post-surgical wound infection; Mycobacterium infection; Multidrug therapy.

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