Revista do Hospital das Clínicas
versão impressa ISSN 0041-8781
RODRIGUES, Daleth et al. Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome. Rev. Hosp. Clin. [online]. 2000, vol.55, n.1, pp. 29-34. ISSN 0041-8781. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812000000100006.
The blue rubber nevus syndrome consists of multiple venous malformations in the skin and gastrointestinal tract associated with intestinal hemorrhage and iron deficiency anemia. Other organs may be involved. The causes of this syndrome are unknown. Its most common presentation is in the form of sporadic cases, but dominant autosomal inheritance has been described. It is a condition that affects both sexes equally, and its occurrence is rare in the black race. We present a case of this syndrome diagnosed in a 11-year-old patient. He had severe anemia and a venous swelling on the trunk. Similar lesions were found in the stomach, bowel, and on his foot. We emphasize the main clinical aspects: intestine, eyes, nasopharynx, parotids, lungs, liver, spleen, heart, brain, pleura, peritoneum, pericardium, skeletal muscles, bladder, and penis lesions, systemic complications that may occur to these patients which are thrombosis and calcification, as well as consumptive coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia that may occur within the nevi.
Palavras-chave : Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome; Hemorrhage; Anemia; Vascular malformations.