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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967On-line version ISSN 1809-4392

Abstract

ALENCAR, Fernando Helio; YUYAMA, Lúcia Kiyoko O; NAGAHAMA, Dionísia  and  PARENTE, Rosana, C. P. Antropometric study of pre-echool children in the Rio Negro valey, Amazonas State, Brazil. II -Barcelos. Acta Amaz. [online]. 1999, vol.29, n.2, pp.293-302. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921999292302.

A cross-sectional study was carried out in the municipal district of Barcelos (Amazonas State, Brazil) in 1995, involving 240 pre-school children in the urban area and 43 in the interior, in order to evaluate their nutritional status according to antropometric indicators. According to the Gomez classification, in the urban area 41,7% of the children presented some degree of malnutrition, with the mild form DI predominanting (32,1%) and affecting all age-groups indiscrimanately; the prevalence of the severe form DIII was 2,5%. In the interior 37,2% of the children presented some degree of malnutrition, but the prevalence of the more severe forms was lower. According to the criteria of the WHO, 31,1% of the children presented a height for age ratio indicative of chronic undernourishiment, less frequent in the first year of life (10,2%). Weight for height ratios indicative of acute undernutrition were detected in 4,2% of the sample, mainly in children under 12 months old. These results are an indication of the precarious state of health and nutrition of the study population.

Keywords : Antropometry; Nutritional Status; Acute Malnutrition; Nutritional Stunting.

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