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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967On-line version ISSN 1809-4392

Abstract

SOUMIS, Nicolas; ROULET, Marc  and  LUCOTTE, Marc. Characterization of pesticide consumption in the county of Santarém, Pará, Brazil. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2000, vol.30, n.4, pp.615-615. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-43922000304628.

Many potentially harmful pesticides for both human health and the environment are used in Brazilian Amazon. However, no scientific datum on pesticide usage is presently available for this region. Consequently, it is difficult to assess which substances arc used and in which quantities. As an important premise for future work on pesticide contamination in the county of Santarém (State of Pará, Brazil), a survey was conducted in order to qualify and quantify the use of some pesticides in this region. This investigation was made between January and March 1997 and August and October 1998 and revealed use of several organophosphates, synthetic pyrethroids and carbamates insecticides. Furthermore, many herbicides and fungicides were listed. These pesticides are used for agriculture, domestic, and sanitary programs. This paper also provides a first estimation of quantities of some insecticides commonly used in agriculture (chlorpyrifos, malathion, metamidophos and methyl-parathion). The annual consumption for these four compounds is estimated at ca. 1 910 kg. Organophosphate insecticide consumption in the county of Santarém seems to be lower than the Brazilian average in terms of «per capita» and «per agricultural area» consumptions. Nevertheless, this county uses toxic substances on sensitive environments such as floodplains (várzeas), making relevant a thorough study on the potential contamination of this environment and its biota.

Keywords : Amazon; pesticides; consumption; utilization.

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