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Acta Amazonica

versão impressa ISSN 0044-5967versão On-line ISSN 1809-4392

Resumo

CONSERVA, Auristela dos Santos  e  PIEDADE, Maria Teresa Fernandez. Life cycle and ecology of Paspalum fasciculatum Willd. ex. Fluegge (Poaceae), in the várzea of the central Amazon. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2001, vol.31, n.2, pp.205-205. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-43922001312220.

Paspalum fasciculatum is a robust perennial C4 grass that occurs in the Central Amazon várzeas. In order to establish the ecology and life cycle of the species in relation to the annual water level fluctuations, twenty plants were randomly selected and monthly observed from September/95 to August/96, in two sites from 23 to 27 m (a.s.l.). The length of stems, and the number of live and dead leaves, sprouts and inflorescence were recorded. The growth of Paspalum fasciculatum is synchronised with the terrestrial phase of the hydrological cycle, reaching during the period of the study a maximum length of 4.53 m. The dormancy and ability of stems to survive subsequent years under flood, and the tolerance of the species to a highly unstable environment allow us to classify it as a extremely adapted "r" strategist, representing the first stages of colonisation on the sedimentary margins of rivers and lakes in the várzea.

Palavras-chave : Paspalum fasciculatum; life cycle; floodplains; várzea; Central Amazon.

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