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WILLIAMS, Earle et al. The drought of the century in the Amazon Basin: an analysis of the regional variation of rainfall in South America in 1926. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2005, vol.35, n.2, pp.231-238. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672005000200013.
The most severe drought in tropical South America during the 20th century occurred in 1926. This extreme El Nino year is further documented anecdotally, in an update of the river stage observations at Manaus, and in annual rainfall records. The annual rainfall anomaly is an east-west dipole over tropical South America, with drought to the west over the Amazon basin whose discharge is documented at Manaus, and with a surplus to the east and including the Nordeste region of Brazil. Speculations about a role for aerosol in aggravating the drought are discussed.
Keywords : Rainfall; climatic history; drought.