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CHAGAS, Andrezza Campos; MEDEIROS, Jansen Fernandes; JUSTINIANO, Sílvia Cássia Brandão and PESSOA, Felipe Arley Costa. Haematophagic behavior in laboratory of Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira) (Diptera: Psychodidae) in relation to three mammalian blood sources in Manaus, Brazil. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2007, vol.37, n.1, pp. 127-132. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672007000100016.
The sand fly Lutzomyia cruzi is considered as one of vectors of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. This work examined optimum feeding age, feeding time, host preference, fecundity rates, and female blood meal volume taken by single females from a closed colony of L. cruzi. Mean feeding time was longer on hamsters, 6.6 minutes, than on humans, 5.7 minutes. 49.1% of the 48h-old flies fed on humans and 43.3% of 72h-old flies fed on hamsters. Of a total of 120 females, 61% fed on humans and 25% fed on hamsters. Total fecundity was significantly higher in females fed on hamster than on human or opossum. Laboratory-reared L. cruzi females fed earlier, more promptly, and preferably on humans than on hamsters when offered these blood-meal sources simultaneously. The blood-meal volume is higher in females fed on hamsters than other hosts (human and opossum).
Keywords : Lutzomyia cruzi; vector of visceral leishmaniasis; fecundity; blood meal volume.