Print version ISSN 0044-5967
CHIA, Gilson Sánchez et al. Repeatability for bunch production in interspecific hybrids between caiaué and african oil palm. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.2, pp. 249-253. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672009000200001.
Interspecific hybridization between the caiaué (Elaeis oleífera (Kunth) Cortés) and the african oil palm (E. guineensis Jacq.) has been exploited with the objective of developing varieties as productive as African oil palm and with the pest and disease resistance, reduced height and high levels of insaturated oils characteristic of the caiaué. Perennial crops with long production cycles and high costs for maintenance and evaluation of improvement experiments require definition of minimum evaluation periods for efficient and low cost selection of hybrids. This study estimated the repeatability coefficients of the characters bunch number, total weight of bunches and average bunch weight of interspecific hybrids and determined the number of consecutive years of evaluation required for efficient selection of the best crosses and individuals. The repeatability coefficients were estimated by four methods: analysis of variance, principal components based on the covariance (CPCV) and correlation matrix, and structural analysis based on the correlation matrix. The CPCV method was the most appropriate for the study of the repeatability of bunch production. Four consecutive years of evaluation are required to select progenies, represented by ten plants, with determination coefficients (R2) up to 85%, and at least six consecutive years of evaluation are necessary to select individuals, with R2 up to 80%.
Keywords : Elaeis guineensis; Elaeis oleifera; hybridization; plant breeding.