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NOBRE, Camila Pinheiro et al. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in an alley cropping system in the state of Maranhão, Brazil. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.4, pp.641-646. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672010000400002.
Alley cropping systems may be a solution for land use in tropical regions. How land use is connected to mycorrhizal arbuscular fungi (AMF) is poorly understood, especially in the tropics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of leguminous trees in an alley cropping system in regard to the infectivity and diversity of native AMF species in São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil. Soil samples were collected in an experimental area of the Universidade Estadual do Maranhão (UEMA) - São Luís, in two seasons (July/2006 and April/2007), two distances (0 m and 0.5 m) from the trunk of three leguminous trees (Leucaena leucocephala, Clitoria fairchildiana e Acacia mangium), and in a control area 0-20 cm deep. Soil samples were used to evaluate the infectivity of AMF, density and diversity of glomerospores. The alley cropping systems increased the infectivity of AMF which varied according to the leguminous tree species, raining season and distance from trees. Sixteen AMF species of five genera were identified in the area, and Scutellospora was the most representative genus.
Keywords : Agroforesty system; Diversity; Mycorrhiza.