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Print version ISSN 0044-5967
COUTO-SANTOS, Fabiana Rita do and LUIZAO, Flávio J. Fine litter accumulation in Central Amazonian Tropical Rainforest canopy. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.4, pp.781-786. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672010000400021.
Fine litter dynamics within the canopy differ from litter dynamics on the forest floor for reasons such as differences in microclimate, substrate, disturbance level, stratum influence and decomposition rates. This study is the first attempt to quantify the fine litter accumulated in the canopy of Central Amazonian forests. We compared the canopy litter accumulation to fine litter-layer on forest floor and to other forests and also investigated which were the mostly accumulated litter omponents. We found that Central Amazonian Rainforest intercepts greater fine litter in the canopy (294 g.m-2) compared to other forest formations with higher winds speed as in a Costa Rican Cloud Forest (170 g.m-2). The mean canopy fine litter accumulated at the end of the dry season was less than a half of that on soil surface (833 g.m-2) and the fine wood component dominates the canopy samplings (174 g.m-2) while leafy component predominate on soil surface litter (353 g.m-2).
Keywords : Canopy access; Canopy litter; Litterfall; Rope techniques; Soil litter layer.