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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967

Abstract

LEPSCH-CUNHA, Nadja; KAGEYAMA, Paulo Yoshio; VENCOVSKY, Roland  and  NASCIMENTO, Henrique E. M.. Outcrossing rate of Couratari multiflora (J.Smith) Eyma (Lecythidaceae), a low-density tropical tree species from a central Amazonian rainforest. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.1, pp.153-162. ISSN 0044-5967.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672011000100018.

A multilocus mixed-mating model was used to evaluate the mating system of a population of Couratari multiflora, an emergent tree species found in low densities (1 individual/10 ha) in lowland forests of central Amazonia. We surveyed and observed phenologically 41 trees in an area of 400 ha. From these, only four mother trees were analyzed here because few of them set fruits, which also suffered high predation. No difference was observed between the population multilocus outcrossing rate (tmp = 0.953 ± 0.040) and the average single locus rate (tsp = 0.968 ± 0.132). The four mother trees were highly outcrossed (tm ~ 1). Two out of five loci showed departures from the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) expectations, and the same results occurred with the mixed-mating model. Besides the low number of trees analyzed, the proportion of loci in HWE suggests random mating in the population. However, the pollen pool was heterogeneous among families, probably due to both the small sample number and the flowering of trees at different times of the flowering season. Reproductive phenology of the population and the results presented here suggest, at least for part of the population, a long-distance pollen movement, around 1,000 m.

Keywords : mating system; Couratari spp.; genetic conservation; Amazon..

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