Print version ISSN 0044-5967
RIBEIRO, Vânia Maria França et al. Vaginal citology, serum progesterone concentration during pregnancy and fetal measurements in paca (Cuniculus paca, Linnaeus 1766). Acta Amaz. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.3, pp. 445-454. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672012000300018.
The objective of this work was to describe in 27 pacas (Cuniculus paca Linnaeus, 1766) at 30, 60 and 90 days (D) of pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasonography (U.S.) the cell types of the vaginal epithelium by vaginal smears, to report the vulva opening condition and the characteristics of vaginal mucus, to determine the progesterone (P4) serum concentration by radioimmunoassay, and also measure by ultrasound (U.S.) the fetuses biparietal diameter (BPD) at 60 and 90 days of pregnancy. At D30, 40% of the smears exhibited surface cells (with estrogenic characteristics) and of naked nuclei. At D60 and D90, parabasal, intermediate, superficial, and navicular cells were present in the same proportions, but endocervical cells were described in only 73.9% and 69% of those day's smears, respectively. At D30 the highest proportion of navicular and surface cells differed (p < 0.05) compared with other cell types. The vaginal mucus was crystalline and fluid in 100% and 70% of females at D30 and D60, respectively. It was observed the vaginal vestibule open in around 50% of females in every day of exams. Minimum detectable P4 serum concentration was obtained on 72% and 83% of females, while the averages of the BPD were 1.25 cm (± 0.16) and 2.34 cm (± 0.25) on D60 and D90, respectively. Vaginal cytology aspects at D30, D60 and D90 and BPD provide elements to contribute to pregnancy diagnosis in paca. P4 concentration shows the need of further endocrinology of pregnancy studies of paca.
Keywords : Pregnancy in paca; biparietal diameter; progesterone; wild animal; Amazon region.