Print version ISSN 0044-5967
MATOS, Gilson Sergio Bastos de et al. Initial growth and nutritional status of Eucalyptus clones in northeast of Para State. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.4, pp. 491-500. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672012000400006.
The objective of this research was to determine the initial growth, nutrition and soil fertility of Eucalyptus plantation in Moju, northeast city of Para State, Brazil. The treatments used were five clones (Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla - 03 e 09, E. urophylla x E. camaldulensis - 32, E. grandis x E. pellita - 07 e E. camaldulensis - 11), organized in a randomized blocks design with four replications. Five months after planting, the height and survival percentage of plants were measured. At 18 months, besides these variables, diameter, soil fertility at the 0-10 and 10-20 cm depth and plant mineral nutrition were evaluated. The height and diameter did not vary among clones at evaluated times. There was difference in survival percentage just at 18 months, when the 07 clone showed the lower average. At the 0-10 cm soil depth, the lowest K exchangeable was observed under the 09 and 07 clones, the clone 07 also presented the lowest soil CEC. In 10-20 cm depth, the lowest value of N was observed in 32 clone, while the K and Ca were observed in highest levels in 03 clone. In general, higher macro and micronutrients leaves contents were found in the 11 and 32 clones, exception N. The clones presented different nutritional responses over the researched area, as well as the soil fertility under each clone presented varied values. Such variations, however, were little observed in the tree initial growth.
Keywords : reforestation; soil fertility; Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla; E. pellita; E. camaldulensis.