Services on Demand
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Print version ISSN 0044-5967
SOUZA, Cintia Rodrigues de et al. Dynamics and carbon storage in primary forest in the region of Manaus / AM. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.4, pp.501-506. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672012000400007.
This study analyzed data from three forest inventories conducted in the Experimental Forest, which belongs to Embrapa Western Amazon basin and is located at km 54 on BR-174, Manaus / AM. The aim was to study forest dynamics - the rates of recruitment, growth and mortality - in addition to carbon storage in an area of primary forest, without any intervention. The surveys were conducted in the years 2005, 2007 and 2010 in 15 permanent plots of 1 hectare each. There, all trees with diameter at breast height (DBH) above 10 cm were measured. We calculated the rates of recruitment and mortality, the periodic annual increments (PAIs) in terms of DBH, basal area and volume, fresh and dry biomass above the soil and total carbon storage in the vegetation. The recruitment rates were 2.0 percent and 1.8 percent, and mortality were 0.95 percent and 1.3 percent for the periods between 2005 and 2007 and 2007 and 2010, respectively. The volume was 345.62 m3 ha-1 for the year 2005, rising to 360.67 m3 ha-1 in 2010 with PAIs of 4.32 m3 ha-1 yr-1 between 2005 and 2007 and 1.31 m3 ha-1 yr-1 between 2007 and 2010. The total carbon storage increased from 173.63 t C ha-1 in 2005 to 181.01 t C ha-1 in 2010, confirming that the forest accumulated carbon in the period, acting as a sink.
Keywords : recruitment; mortality increments; Amazon; carbon sequestration.