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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967

Abstract

SIQUEIRA, Gilmar W.  and  APRILE, Fabio. Evaluation of environmental risk by metallic contamination and organic compounds in sediments of the Aurá River basin, Belém, Pará - Brazil. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.1, pp.51-61. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672013000100007.

The Aurá River basin is situated in the Belém Metropolitan region, between the municipalities of Belém and Ananindeua, where the rate of population growth has increased without any social and environmental control. The region is intensely exploited and the more frequent environmental problems are deforestation, erosion, flooding, water pollution and contamination, especially by heavy metals and organic compounds (OC). Geochemistry behavior (Al, Fe, Mn, Cr, Ni and Cu) and OC levels were determined in the 30 sampling sites between 2008 and 2010 in the bottom sediments of the river. There is an uncontrolled sanitary landfill situated at the north of the Aurá River responsible, in part, by the metallic contamination of the sediments. The environmental stress is classic in the region, and it has resulted from anthropic activities, which has transported unconsolidated material associated to metals to the Aurá. The variables studied were classified on the transport mechanisms and sources (allochthonous and/or autochthonous). The results showed that the main contribution of ions Al and Fe was the sanitary landfill; Mn and Ni was the adjacent soils; Cr was modified (III/VI) by the allobiochemistry, and Cu by bio-induced processes.

Keywords : heavy metals; sanitation; vulnerability; geochemistry; Amazonia.

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