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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967

Abstract

MAGALHAES, Sulamirtes Suellem de Amorim; WEBER, Oscarlina Lúcia dos Santos; SANTOS, Carlos Henrique dos  and  VALADAO, Franciele Caroline de Assis. Nutrient stocks under different land use systems of a soil in Colorado do Oeste-RO. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.1, pp.63-72. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672013000100008.

The replacement of forest by other land use can lead to significant losses in soil organic matter, changing its dynamic and the nutrients inputs and outputs of the system. The objective of this study was to assess nutrient stocks under different land use systems in Colorado do Oeste-RO. The agroforestry (teak, and cocoa), forestry (teak with five years), teak for eight years, farming areas (teak, cocoa and pasture) and pasture were the systems evaluated and the native forest was taken as reference. In each system three small trenches were dug, in which deformed and undeformed soil samples, at depths of 0 to 5, 5 to 10, 10 to 20 and 20 to 30 cm were taken. In these samples the nutrients N, P, K, Ca and Mg, organic matter, bulk density and clay content were determined. A completely randomized design with split plots and, three replications in each system was adopted. Differences were observed in soil nutrient stocks among the usage systems and with depth. The concentration of nutrients was influenced by the system. Ca was the nutrient most stored (2912.86 to 5188.48 kg ha-1) in all systems and K was the least(17.33 to 46.22 kg ha-1). The system of teak five years is the system which is closer to the forest, for the storage of nutrients.

Keywords : agroforestry; organic matter; soil fertility.

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