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vol.43 issue1Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae) occurring in a pasture area in eastern Amazon in Altamira, Pará, BrazilPuberty in male collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) determined by quantitative analysis of spermatogenic cells author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967

Abstract

LIMA, Jô de Farias; SILVA, Thibério Carvalho da; SILVA, Luis Mauricio Abdon da  and  GARCIA, Jamile da Silva. Brachyuran crustaceans from the bycatch of prawn fisheries at the mouth of the Amazon river. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.1, pp.91-98. ISSN 0044-5967.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672013000100011.

The present paper is a pioneering study on the Brachyura bycatch associated with the artisan prawn fisheries at the mouth of the Amazon River. The study was conducted at four collection sites distributed along the mouth of the Amazon River between the months of January/2009 and January/2010. The animals were caught using handcrafted traps called "matapi", which are used by prawn fisherman in the region. Twenty matapis were used at each collection site. A total of 145 specimens were captured and six species were identified, all belonging to the Trichodactylidae family - Sylviocarcinus maldonadoensis, S. pictus, S. devillei, Valdivia serrata, Dilocarcinus septemdentatus and D. pagei. The most representative species, S. maldonadoensis, S. pictus and S. devillei were classified as regular. Regarding the composition of the capture, there were three specimens of D. pagei , only one male specimen of D. septemdentatus, forty-eight specimens of S. maldonadoensis, sixty-eight specimens of S. pictus, twenty-two specimens of S. devillei and three specimens of V. serrata. In all months, the brachyuran fauna showed a considerably lower biomass when compared to the prawns, representing only 5% of the catch, in a ratio of 1:0.06. For most species, the number of males was always higher than the number of females in almost all collection months.

Keywords : Macrobrachium; prawn fishing; Crustaceans; Amazon region; Trichodactylidae.

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