Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria
Print version ISSN 0047-2085
ACHA, Maria Fernanda Faria et al. Prevalence of mental disorders among sexual offenders and non-sexual offenders. J. bras. psiquiatr. [online]. 2011, vol.60, n.1, pp. 11-15. ISSN 0047-2085. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0047-20852011000100003.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of mental disorders in convicted sex offenders admitted to the Psychiatric Custody and Treatment Hospital (Forensic Psychiatric Facility). METHOD: 89 patient records of males admitted from March 2005 to August 2006 were analyzed. The analysis included evaluation of two study groups: Group I comprised subjects who had committed sex offenses (sexual offenders) while Group II contained subjects convicted for other crimes (non-sexual offenders). Variables studied were: age bracket, years of schooling, marital status, skin color, place of birth, previous psychiatric admissions and psychiatric diagnosis. RESULTS: Mental retardation and personality disorders were the mainly diagnoses in Group I (sexual offenders) (61,76% and 29,41% respectively). In the other hand, schizophrenic subjects predominated in Group II (non-sexual offenders) (82,93%). CONCLUSION: Different from international data, we have found low prevalence of personality disorders among Brazilian forensic population and we believe that it's due to a distinguishing characteristic of the Brazilian legal system, which does not consider personality disorder a mental disease, thus, not prompting these patients to civil commitment.
Keywords : Epidemiology; violence; mental disorders; sex offenders.