Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Print version ISSN 0066-782X
PESSANHA, Mônica Gomes; HAHN, Myriam Dumas and MANDARIM-DE-LACERDA, Carlos Alberto. Myocardial repair with long-term and low-dose administration of a nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor. Myofibroblasts, type III collagen and fibronectin. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 1999, vol.73, n.1, pp. 92-96. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X1999000700008.
OBJECTIVE: To study the healing process of the myocardium in hypertensive rats undergoing inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. METHODS: Two groups of animals were studied: one received L-NAME, 12mg/kg/day, and the other was a control group. The presence of type III collagen, fibronectin, and a-smooth muscle actin-positive cells was assessed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Fibronectin was seen in both early and late lesions, while type III collagen was seen mainly in areas of incomplete healing, situated among myocytes and around the intramyocardial branches of the coronary arteries. Areas representing early and late lesions showed a population of spindle-shaped cells. Immunohistochemistry showed that these cells were positive for a-smooth muscle actin. CONCLUSION: In the myocardium of hypertensive rats, the a-smooth muscle actin-positive cells are related to the accumulation of type III collagen and fibronectin in the areas of myocardial damage.
Keywords : myofibroblasts; nitric oxide; myocardial remodeling; a-smooth muscle actin.