Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4170
OLIVEIRA, Fátima Palha de; PEDROSA, Roberto Coury and GIANNELLA-NETO, Antonio. Gas exchange during exercise in different evolutional stages of chronic Chagas' heart disease. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2000, vol.75, n.6, pp. 490-498. ISSN 1678-4170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2000001200003.
OBJECTIVE: To compare gas exchange at rest and during exercise in patients with chronic Chagas' heart disease grouped according to the Los Andes clinical/hemodynamic classification. METHODS: We studied 15 healthy volunteers and 52 patients grouped according to the Los Andes clinical/hemodynamic classification as follows: 17 patients in group IA (normal electrocardiogram/echocardiogram), 9 patients in group IB (normal electrocardiogram and abnormal echocardiogram), 14 patients in group II (abnormal electrocardiogram/echocardiogram, without congestive heart failure), and 12 patients in group III (abnormal electrocardiogram/echocardiogram with congestive heart failure). The following variables were analyzed: oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), gas exchange rate (R), inspiratory current volume (VIC), expiratory current volume (VEC), respiratory frequency, minute volume (VE), heart rate (HR), maximum load, O2 pulse, and ventilatory anaerobic threshold (AT). RESULTS: When compared with the healthy group, patients in groups II and III showed significant changes in the following variables: VO2peak, VCO2peak, VICpeak, VECpeak, E, HR, and maximum load. Group IA showed significantly better results for these same variables as compared with group III. CONCLUSION: The functional capacity of patients in the initial phase of chronic Chagas' heart disease is higher than that of patients in an advanced phase and shows a decrease that follows the loss in cardiac-hemodynamic performance.
Keywords : chronic Chagas' heart disease; cardiopulmonary exercise test; oxygen consumption.