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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4170
COSTA, Roberto et al. Incidence of shock and quality of life in young patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.88, n.3, pp. 258-264. ISSN 1678-4170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2007000300002.
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and causes of ICD therapies in children and young adults and verify their impact on the quality of life (QoL). METHODS: From March/1977 to February/2006, 29 patients (15.7±5.4 years old) were submitted to ICD implants. Aborted cardiac arrest (41.5%), sustained ventricular tachycardia (27.6%) and primary prophylaxis of sudden cardiac death (30.9%) indicated device therapy. The number of therapies was evaluated by interviewing patients and by ICD diagnostic data. The SF-36 questionnaire was used to measure the QoL and the results were compared to healthy population. The expectative of freedom from ICD therapies were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: After 2.6±1.8 years follow-up, 8 (27.6%) patients received 141 appropriate ICD shocks due to ventricular tachycardia (6) or ventricular fibrillation (2), and 11 (37.9%) patients received 152 inappropriate ICD shocks due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (8) or oversensing (3). Expectative of freedom from appropriate shocks was 74.2±9.0% and 66.7±10.7% after one and three years, respectively. Compared to healthy population, QoL decreased in physical function (61.7±28.7), vitality (64.7±19.1), mental health (65.9±22.7) and role-emotional domains (66.7±38.5). All patients referred fear and concern related to ICD use. CONCLUSION: Despite the efficacy of ICD therapies, the high incidence of appropriate and inappropriate shocks interfered in patients QoL and adaptation to the device.
Keywords : Defibrillators; implantable; quality of life; adolescent.