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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

versão impressa ISSN 0066-782X

Resumo

REBELO, Fabiana Pereira Vecchio et al. Clinical and economic outcome of a cardiopulmonary and metabolic rehabilitation program. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.88, n.3, pp. 321-328. ISSN 0066-782X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2007000300011.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and economic outcome of a Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Rehabilitation Program (CPMR) created by an HMO. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 96 clients, divided into two groups of 48 individuals (treatment group - TG, individuals who participated in the CPMR program, and control group - CG, individuals who did not participate in the program) of both genders, with age ranging between 54 and 79 years. Training time of the TG was 22 (±3) months. To assess the clinical outcome before and after CPMR, exercise tolerance, plasma lipoprotein profile (TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, TC/HDL-C and triglycerides), resting blood pressure (BP), and body composition (Body mass index - BMI and Waist-to-hip ratio - W/HR) were determined. RESULTS: The TG presented the following results in the pre and post CPMR assessment, respectively: TC (mg/dL) 242,5 (±48,32) and 189.47(±39.83); LDL-C (mg/dL) 162(±37.72) and 116,3(±33,28); HDL-C (mg/dL) 46,5(±8,59) and 57.8(±10.36); Tg (mg/dL) 165.15(±90.24) and 113.29(±54,92); TC/HDL-C 5.42 (±1.10) and 3.35 (±0.81); VO2 peak (mL/Kg/min) 26.92 ± 7 and 32.64 ± 5.92; BMI 29.35 (±3.93) and 28.12 (±3.55) for women and 29.17 (±5.14) and 27.88 (±4.83) for men; W/HR 0.93(±0.05) and 0.94(±0.04) for women and 0.93(±0.07) and 0.92(±0.06) for men; BP (mmHg) 151(±13.89) and 132(±9.56); DBP (mmHg) 83(±8.07) and 77(±5.92); monthly expenses CG (R$) 8,840.05 (±5,656.58) and 8,978.32 (±5,500.78); monthly expenses TG (R$) 2,016.98 (±2,861.69) and 1,470.73 (±1,333.25). CONCLUSION: In the group undergoing the CPMR Program, favorable clinical changes were observed in relation to the plasma lipoprotein profile, blood pressure, and exercise tolerance, with no relation to changes in medications.

Palavras-chave : Breathing exercises; rehabilitation; treatment outcome; exercise; cardiovascular diseases; metabolic disease; health programmes and projects.

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