Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4170
OLIVEIRA, Joselina Luzia Menezes et al. Exercise stress echocardiography in the identification of coronary artery disease in the elderly with chronotropic incompetence. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.89, n.2, pp. 111-118. ISSN 1678-4170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2007001400007.
BACKGROUND: Chronotropic incompetence (CTI) is frequent in elderly patients and may limit the role of the exercise test in the identification of coronary artery disease (CAD) in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of CTI in an elderly population in the diagnosis of CAD. METHODS: A total of 3,308 patients were studied, 804 were elderly individuals (age > 65 years) who underwent exercise stress echocardiography (ESE). Based on the heart rate (HR) reached during the exercise test, were divided into two groups: G1 150 patients who did not reach 85% of the age-predicted HR, and G2 654 patients who did. The groups were compared to clinical characteristics, segmental left ventricular contractility rate (WMSI) and coronary angiography (CAG). RESULTS: Clinical characteristics were similar between the groups. WMSI was higher in G1 than in G2, both at rest (1.09 ± 0.21 versus 1.04 ± 0.15) and after exercise (1.15 ± 0.29 versus 1.08 ± 0.2) (p < 0.001). Abnormalities in wall contractility were more frequent in G1 than in G2 (55% versus 37%; p < 0.05), thus suggesting that elderly with CTI have a higher frequency of CAD. CAG was performed in 69% ESE positive for myocardial ischemia. In the G1 group, 91% of the ESE were true positive versus 84.5% in G2, that is, presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (> 50%). CONCLUSION: CTI is associated with a higher frequency of contractile alterations in the elderly population and adds a positive predictive value to ESE in the identification of patients with obstructive CAD.
Palavras-chave : Echocardiography, stress; aged; coronary disease.