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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4170
SARAIVA, Roberto Magalhães et al. Tissue doppler imaging as a long-term prognostic index in left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2008, vol.91, n.2, pp. 85-92. ISSN 1678-4170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2008001400004.
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler parameters correlate with left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and can be useful as prognostic indexes for patients with heart failure. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether tissue Doppler parameters can predict events during long term follow-up of outpatients with LV systolic dysfunction. MeTHODS: Retrospective study with 73 patients (aged 60.9±12.1 years) who underwent Doppler echocardiogram between March 2001 and May 2004. The primary endpoint studied was death or hospitalization due to heart failure worsening. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 1,367±665 days. After logistic stepwise multivariate analysis, including echocardiographic parameters, the ratio of maximal early diastolic filling wave velocity to maximal early diastolic myocardial velocity (E/E` ratio; p=0.0007), and LV ejection fraction (EF; p=0.01) remained significant predictors of the primary outcome. The optimal cutoffs for primary endpoint prediction for E/E' ratio (AUC 0.77; p=0.0001) and EF (AUC 0.68, p=0.006) were respectively 12.7 and 30%. Accordingly, patients with E/E' ratio > 12.7 (hazard ratio=3.8, p =0.001) or EF <30% (hazard ratio=2.3, p=0.03) had a poorer outcome by survival curve analysis. It is noteworthy that 47% of the patients with EF above the optimal cutoff point, but with high E/E' ratio, presented events during follow-up. CONCLUSION: E/E' ratio is an important independent long-term prognostic index of death or hospitalization due to worsening heart failure in outpatients with LV systolic dysfunction. Therefore, we recommend the measurement of this variable in the routine evaluation of such patients.
Keywords : Prognosis; echocardiography, Doppler; cardiac output, low; ventricular dysfunction, left.