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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4170
MAIFRINO, Laura Beatriz Mesiano et al. Effect of exercise training on aging-induced changes in rat papillary muscle. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2009, vol.92, n.5, pp. 387-392. ISSN 1678-4170. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2009000500009.
BACKGROUND: The effects of aging on papillary muscle have been widely demonstrated, but no data on the effects of exercise on the age-related changes are available. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of aging on the morphological and quantitative properties of papillary muscle and investigate whether a long-term moderate exercise program would exert a protective effect against the effects of aging. METHODS: We used electron microscopy to study the density of myocytes, capillaries and connective tissue and the cross-sectional area of myocytes of the papillary muscle of the left ventricle of 6- and 13-month-old untrained and exercised Wistar rats. RESULTS: As expected, the volume density of myocytes declined significantly (p<0.05) with aging. The length density of myocardial capillaries also declined with aging, but not significantly. The interstitial volume fraction of the papillary muscle tissue increased significantly (P<0.05) with age. The number of myocyte profiles showed a reduction of 20% that was accompanied by myocyte hypertrophy in the aged rats (P<0.05). Animals submitted to a 60-minute daily session,, 5 days/wk at 1.8 km.h-1 of moderate running on a treadmill for 28 weeks showed a reversion of all the observed aging effects on papillary muscle. CONCLUSION: The present study supports the concept that long-term exercise training restrains the aging-related deleterious changes in the papillary muscle.
Keywords : Exercise; papillary muscles; aging; rats.