Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Print version ISSN 0066-782X
MIOTTO, Heberth César et al. Effects of the use of theoretical versus theoretical-practical training on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2010, vol.95, n.3, pp. 328-331. Epub Aug 13, 2010. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2010005000104.
BACKGROUND: Theoretical knowledge and skill to perform good quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are essential for the survival of patients with sudden death. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a theoretical course alone is sufficient to promote good quality CPR training and knowledge for health professionals in comparison to a theoretical-practical basic life support training. METHODS: Twenty volunteer nurses participated in the theoretical CPR and automated external defibrillation (AED) training by means of a theoretical class and video used in the Basic Life Support Training of the American Heart Association (BLS-AHA; group A). They were compared to other 26 health professionals who attended regular theoretical-practical BLS-AHA training (group B). After the training, the participants took theoretical and practical tests as recommended in BLS-AHA courses. The practical tests were recorded and were later scored by three experienced instructors. The theoretical test was a multiple choice test used in regular BLS-AHA courses. RESULTS: No difference was observed in the theoretical tests (p = ns). However, the practical tests were consistently worse in group A, as evaluated by the three examiners (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of CPR videos and theoretical training did not improve the individuals' psychomotor ability to perform good quality CPR; however, it may improve their cognitive ability (knowledge). Critical areas of intervention are the primary ABCD and the correct use of AED.
Keywords : Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; advanced cardiac life support; inservice training.