Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Print version ISSN 0066-782X
GARCIA, Maristela Magnavita Oliveira; RODRIGUES, Marília Galeffi; REIS NETO, Joaquim Antônio dos and CORREIA, Luis Claudio. Influence of subclinical atherosclerosis on diastolic function in individuals free of cardiovascular disease. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2010, vol.95, n.4, pp. 473-479. Epub Aug 27, 2010. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2010005000114.
BACKGROUND: It is plausible that subclinical atherosclerosis alters coronary reserve and impairs diastolic function of the left ventricle. However, the relationship between subclinical stages of atherosclerosis and diastolic function has not been established in subjects free of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that subclinical atherosclerosis has a negative association with diastolic function. METHODS: Individuals > 35 years old, free of cardiovascular disease, with normal blood pressure and negative treadmill stress test, were selected to have common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) assessed by ultrasound and parameters of diastolic function by echocardiography, primarily tissue Doppler E'/A' ratio. RESULTS: Forty-eight subjects were studied, aged 56 ± 10 years, 67% females. Composite common carotid IMT had a significant negative correlation with tissue Doppler E'/A' ratio (r = - 0.437, p = 0.002). Individuals in the fourth quartile of IMT had a significant lower tissue Doppler E'/A' ratio (0.76 ± 0.25), as compared with the first (1.2 ± 0.29), second (1.2 ± 0.36) and third quartiles (1.1 ± 0.25) - p = 0.002. Composite common carotid IMT in the fourth quartile (> 0.8 mm) independently predicted E'/A' ratio (p = 0.02), after adjustment for potentially confounding variables, such as age, female gender, waist circumference, diastolic blood pressure, HDL-cholesterol and Framingham Risk. CONCLUSION: Early stage of subclinical atherosclerotic disease is negatively associated with diastolic function parameters in healthy individuals, regardless of age and clinical characteristics.
Keywords : Subclinical atherosclerosis; diastolic function; carotid intima-media thickness.