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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Print version ISSN 0066-782X
MELO, Leila Maria Magalhães Pessoa de et al. Study of pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory factors in chagas cardiomyopathy. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2010, vol.95, n.5, pp. 655-662. Epub Nov 12, 2010. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2010005000146.
BACKGROUND: The relationship between inflammatory and prothrombotic activity in chagas cardiomyopathy and in other etiologies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study the profile of pro-thrombotic and pro-inflammatory markers in patients with Chagas' heart failure and compare them with patients of non-chagas etiology. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort. Inclusion criteria: left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45% and onset time to symptoms > one month. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 (G1) - seropositive for Chagas - and group 2 (G2) - seronegative for Chagas. Pro-inflammatory factor: Ultra-sensitive CRP. Pro-thrombotic factors: thrombin-antithrombin factor, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor antigen, plasma P-selectin and thromboelastography. Sample calculated for 80% power, assuming a standard deviation difference of 1/3; significant p if it is < 0.05. Statistical analysis: Fisher's exact test for categorical variables; unpaired Student's t-test for parametric continuous variables and Mann-Whitney test for nonparametric continuous variables. RESULTS: Between January and June 2008, 150 patients were included, 80 in G1 and 70 in G2. Both groups maintained the averages of high sensitivity CRP above baseline values, however, there was no significant difference (p = 0.328). The fibrinogen levels were higher in G2 than in G1 (p = 0.015). Among the thromboelastography variables, the parameters MA (p=0.0013), G (p=0.0012) and TG (p =0.0005) were greater in G2 than in G1. CONCLUSION: There is no evidence of greater pro-thrombotic status among patients with Chagas disease. The levels of fibrinogen and the MA, G and TG parameters of the thromboelastography point to pro-thrombotic status among non-chagas patients. Both groups had increased inflammatory activity.
Keywords : Chagas cardiomyopathy; thrombin; fibrinolytic agents; inflammation.