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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
versión impresa ISSN 0066-782X
MARTIN, Rosana dos Santos e Silva et al. Ventricular hypertrophy and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients with low educational level. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.98, n.1, pp. 52-61. Epub 06-Ene-2012. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2012005000004.
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy is a strong predictor of mortality in chronic kidney patients. A previous study of our group has shown that chronic kidney patients with low educational level has more severe ventricular hypertrophy. OBJECTIVE: To extend a previous study and to assess whether left ventricular hypertrophy can explain the association between schooling and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This study assessed 113 patients from January 2005 to March 2008 and followed them up until October 2010. Survival curves were built to compare all-cause and cardiovascular mortality of patients with up to three years of schooling (median schooling) and those with schooling of four years and over. Cox multiple models were built and adjusted to confounding variables. RESULTS: Association between educational level and ventricular hypertrophy was observed. Statistical difference in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality between the different educational levels was observed at 5.5 years of follow-up. In the Cox model, ventricular hypertrophy and C-reactive protein associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The etiology of kidney failure associated with all-cause mortality, and creatinine associated with cardiovascular mortality. The association between educational level and mortality lost statistical significance in the adjusted model. CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirm those of a previous study. In addition, they show that the higher cardiovascular mortality observed in patients with low educational level can be explained by risk factors of biochemical and cardiac morphological origin.
Palabras clave : Hypertrophy, left ventricular [mortality]; renal dialysis; underachievement; kidney diseases.