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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

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Abstract

BRANDAO, Augusto Henriques Fulgêncio; CABRAL, Marcelo Araújo; LEITE, Henrique Vitor  and  CABRAL, Antônio Carlos Vieira. Endothelial function, uterine perfusion and central Flow in pregnancies complicated by Preeclampsia. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.99, n.4, pp. 931-935.  Epub Sep 13, 2012. ISSN 0066-782X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2012005000087.

BACKGROUND: The physiopathology of Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by a deficiency in the process of placentation, systemic endothelial dysfunction and Central Nervous System (CNS) hyperflow. From a clinical point of view, it would be interesting to determine the occurrence of these phenomena before the onset of clinical manifestations of the disease, raising the possibility of new methods for predicting PE. OBJECTIVE:Compare the process of placentation, endothelial function and CNS hyperflow in pregnant women at high risk for the development of PE who subsequently developed or not the syndrome. METHODS: A total of 74 pregnant women underwent the Flow-Mediated Dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery, Doppler study of uterine and ophthalmic arteries for the assessment of endothelial function, process of placentation and central hyperflow, respectively. The examinations were performed between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation and were followed until the postpartum period for data collection. RESULTS: Fifteen patients had PE and 59 remained normotensive until the puerperium. Patients who subsequently developed PE had between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation, higher pulsatility index of uterine arteries and lower values of FMD (p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). However, there was no difference in the values obtained in the resistive index in the ophthalmic artery (p = 0.08). CONCLUSION: The data obtained suggest that the deficiency in the process of placentation and endothelial dysfunction chronologically precede the clinical manifestations of PE, which does not occur with CNS hyperflow.

Keywords : Pre-Eclampsia [physiopathology]; endothelium [abnormalities]; pregnancy; high-risk; placentation; central nervous system [physiopathology].

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