Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
versão impressa ISSN 0066-782X
JORGE, Antônio José Lagoeiro et al. Left atrium measurement in patients suspected of having heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.98, n.2, pp. 175-181. Epub 17-Jan-2012. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2012005000009.
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological model of heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) focuses on the presence of diastolic dysfunction, which causes left atrial (LA) structural and functional changes. The LA size, an indicator of the chronic elevation of the left ventricular (LV) filling pressure, can be used as a marker of the presence of HFPEF, and it is easily obtained. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of measuring the LA size by using indexed LA volume and diameter (ILAV and ILAD, respectively) for diagnosing HFPEF in ambulatory patients. METHODS: This study assessed 142 patients (mean age, 67.3 ± 11.4 years; 75% of the female sex) suspected of having HF, divided into two groups: with HFPEF (n = 35) and without HFPEF (n = 107). RESULTS: The diastolic function, assessed by use of Doppler echocardiography, showed a significant difference between the groups regarding the parameters assessing ventricular relaxation (E': 6.9 ± 2.0 cm/s vs. 9.3 ± 2.5 cm/s; p < 0.0001) and LV filling pressure (E/E' ratio: 15.2 ± 6.4 vs. 7.6 ± 2.2; p < 0.0001). The ILAV cutoff point of 35 mL/m2 best correlated with the diagnosis of HFPEF, showing sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 83%. The ILAD cutoff point of 2.4 cm/m2 showed sensitivity of 71%, specificity of 66%, and accuracy of 67%. CONCLUSION: For diagnosing HFPEF in ambulatory patients, the ILAV proved to be a more accurate parameter than ILAD. On echocardiographic assessment, ILAV, rather than ILAD, should be routinely measured. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2011; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)
Palavras-chave : Cardiac volume; heart atria; heart failure; stroke volume.