Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
versión impresa ISSN 0066-782X
SOUZA, Francival Leite de et al. Study of echocardiographic alterations in the first six months after kidney transplantation. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.98, n.6, pp. 505-513. Epub 26-Abr-2012. ISSN 0066-782X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2012005000040.
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disorders are very common in individuals with chronic kidney disease and are associated with morbimortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiac alterations after kidney transplantation. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 40 patients with chronic kidney disease, immediately before and one month, three months and six months after kidney transplantation, using tissue Doppler echocardiographic study. The left ventricular mass, systolic and diastolic function parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 31.6 years and 40% of patients were female. We observed a reduction in left ventricular diastolic diameter (52.23 to 49.95 mm, p = 0.021) and LV mass index (131.48 to 113.039 g/m2, p = 0.002) after kidney transplantation. The mean E/e' decreased in the third and sixth months after kidney transplantation, when compared to basal values (8.13 and 7.85 vs. 9.79, p <0.05). The ejection fraction increased from the first month after kidney transplantation compared to basal assessment (69.72% vs. 65.68%, p <0.05). The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction decreased 43% during the evaluated period. The basal ejection fraction and mean E/e' were associated with reduced LV mass index after kidney transplantation. The LV mass index at baseline, female sex and decrease in serum phosphorus were associated with a reduction in the mean E/e ' ratio after kidney transplantation. CONCLUSION: Kidney transplantation resulted in significant alterations in Doppler echocardiographic parameters of LV mass, systolic and diastolic function in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Palabras llave : Kidney diseases [complications]; kidney failure; chronic; kidney transplantation [mortality]; echocardiography doppler.