Iheringia. Série Zoologia
Print version ISSN 0073-4721
ALMEIDA, Viviane L. dos S.; LARRAZABAL, Maria Eduarda L. de; MOURA, Ariadne do N. and MELO JUNIOR, Mauro de. Rotifera from littoral and pelagic zones of Tapacurá reservoir, Pernambuco, Brazil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. [online]. 2006, vol.96, n.4, pp. 445-451. ISSN 0073-4721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0073-47212006000400009.
The rotifers of Tapacurá reservoir, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were studied concerning the horizontal distribution in pelagic and littoral zones, in the rainy (August/2003) and dry seasons (January/2004). Qualitative and quantitative samples were carried out in nictimeral samplings in the different zones of the reservoir, with an interval of six hours in the two depths. Biotic parameters as richness, density, diversity and equitability were estimated. Similarity and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were also used. Twenty-eight species and two subspecies of Rotifer were found from which five species are considered new occurrences in State of Pernambuco. The littoral zone presented higher richness than the limnetic zone in both seasonal periods with nine exclusive species. The density and equitability differences between zones of the reservoir were not expressive in opposite to diversity that was higher in the littoral zone in the dry season (p<0.01). The similarity analysis indicated horizontal homogeneity of Rotifer community in the rainy season characterized by lower temperatures and higher wind velocity, and a tendency to horizontal stratification in the dry season characterized by higher temperatures and lower wind intensity. Presence of aquatic vegetation yielded peculiar features in the littoral zone.
Keywords : Biotic limnology; horizontal distribution; Rotifer; biodiversity; aquatic vegetation.