Iheringia. Série Zoologia
versão impressa ISSN 0073-4721
ARTIOLI, Luiz G. S; VIEIRA, João P; GARCIA, Alexandre M e BEMVENUTI, Marlise de A. Distribution, dominance and sizes structure of the fish assemblage in the Mangueira lake, southern Brazil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. [online]. 2009, vol.99, n.4, pp. 409-418. ISSN 0073-4721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0073-47212009000400011.
This study presents the composition of species, the distribution and dominance patterns, and the structure of sizes of the assemblage of fish in distinct habitats (littoral, deeper and near shore limnetic zone) of the Mangueira lake, in the southern Brazil. Samples were taken in the north, south and central regions of the lake from 2001 to 2007 using a multi-gear approach (gillnet, cast net, beach seine, dip net and bottom trawling). A total of 52 species were identified, 46 in the littoral zone, 33 in the near shore limnetic zone and 26 in the deep zone, distributed in 17 families, of the which, Characidae, Cichlidae, Loricariidae, and Atherinopsidae were the most diverse. The dominant species summed up 91.1 %, 92.9 % and 82.7 % of the all individuals caught in the littoral, deeper and limnetic zone, respectively. The littoral zone was comprised of small fishes, nearly 70 % between 25 and 50 TL mm. The dominance patterns showed that, in this zone, 19,5 % of the species were dominant, although four of those also prevailed in the other zones. In the deep zone, 7,6% of the captured species were dominant, with similar sizes to the littoral zone. For the other species, the sizes resemble to the near shore limnetic zone. The near shore limnetic zone was comprised of larger fishes, the major part between 150 and 200 TL mm, such as the great characins, the toothless characin and the silverside fishes. A larger difference was observed in the composition of species between the littoral and limnetic zones, with the species Jenynsia multidentata, Bryconamericus iheringii, Hyphessobrycon luetkenii and Gymnogeophagus gymnogenys dominating exclusively in the littoral, and the species Oligosarcus jenynsii, Cyphocharax voga, Odontesthes perugiae and Astyanax fasciatus dominating exclusively the near shore limnetic zone. The littoral zone presented differences in the composition and dominance of the species among the portions north and south of the lake. The 52 species registered in this study represent a high diversity of fishes in Mangueira lake, specially when compared to other coastal lakes of RS. Differentiated patterns of composition and abundance of species seem to reflect characteristics different from the coastal habitats sampled.
Palavras-chave : Coastal lakes; biodiversity; ichthyofauna.