Iheringia. Série Zoologia
Print version ISSN 0073-4721
SERAFIM-JUNIOR, Moacyr et al. Spatial-temporal variation of Rotifera in an eutrophic reservoir in southern Brazil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. [online]. 2010, vol.100, n.3, pp. 233-241. ISSN 0073-4721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0073-47212010000300008.
We analyzed the spatial and temporal variation of rotifers in a small, shallow and eutrophic reservoir, with intense Cyanobacteria blooms, in seven sampling stations during 17 months (March/2002 to July/2003). Fifty-two taxa were identified, comprising 16 families. Brachionidae, Conochilidae, Synchaetidae, Lecanidae, Collothecidae, Trichocercidae, and Gastropodidae were the most commonly found. Collotheca sp. was abundant in the winter (dry period), while numbers of Conochilus coenobasis and Keratella cochlearis were low. The abundance of Brachionus mirus var . reductus, Filinia longiseta and Keratella lenzi peaked in the summer (rainy season), while for Kellicottia bostonensis, Ploesoma truncatum, Polyarthra remata, Polyarthra vulgaris and Ptygura sp., abundance was highest in the winter, mainly associated with atypical rainfall. Significant differences in the number of taxa and abundance of rotifers were observed during the sampling period. The canonical correspondence analysis explained 46% of the relationship between rotifer abundance and environmental variables, positively correlated with rainfall, nitrite, water temperature, organic nitrogen, nitrate and air temperature. Variations in rotifer abundance were observed a month after changes in the phytoplankton community. Taxa, such as Filinia longiseta, Keratella lenzi and Keratella cochlearis, showed a temporal variation similar to that of other eutrophic reservoirs, while the heterogeneous distribution pattern observed in most taxa could be due to the hydrodynamics of the recently built reservoir and the adverse climatic conditions.
Keywords : Water supply; eutrophication; Cyanobacteria.