Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
BARRETO, João de Barros. Temperatura, humidade e pluviosidade nas suas relações com doenças respiratórias, em cidades brasileiras. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1948, vol.46, n.1, pp. 199-222. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761948000100006.
During the period 1940-44, deaths by respiratory diseases and particularly by influenza and pneumonias prevailed during the winter in brazilian cities of the temperate zone (S. Paulo, Curitiba, Porto Alegre) and, with the exception of Rio de Janeiro, in tropical ones (Belem, Recife, Salvador) particularly during the four-months period of highest absolute humidity. For the first group of cities, negative correlation coefficients, statistically significant, have been uniformly obtained comparing monthly death-rates both with temperature - in the same month and in the previous one (values of r ranging from - 0.36 to - 0.640 - and with similar humidity variations (values of r from - 0.33 to - 0.59); also with rainfall, but only in S. Paulo and Curitiba (values of r from - 0.33 to - 0.61). Such associations have been disclosed irregularly and less frequently for the group of tropical cities: statistically significant values of r, in the death-rates correlations with temperature and humidity variations, have been eventually either positive (Recife, Salvador) or negative (Belem, Rio). Whooping cough showed during the same period a winter incidence in Curitiba and Porto Alegre: the compulsory notification of the disease is not required in S. Paulo, a third one brazilian city of the temperate zone. In the brazilian tropical cities of Belem, Recife, Salvador and Rio, the whooping cough distribution by four-months periods - selected in accordance with the highest or lowest values of rainfall, mean temperature and absolute humidity - induced to suppose that the disease was associated more uniformly with a high rainfall than with a low temperature or a low absolute humidity. However, only a few correlation coefficients statistically significant have been found out: between monthly morbidity rates and mean humidity in the same month and in the previous one in recife (-0.43 and - 0.39), and in Porto Alegre (-0.35 and - 0.46); and between the same rates and temperature variations in this last city (-0.28 and - 0.43).