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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

versão impressa ISSN 0074-0276

Resumo

SCHALL, Virginia T.; JURBERG, Pedro  e  ROZEMBERG, Brani. Orientation of the snail Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) in response to light in a situation of selection. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1986, vol.81, n.3, pp. 255-263. ISSN 0074-0276.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761986000300002.

The behavioral response of Biomphalaria straminea to light was evaluted in terms of location of the snail in a Y-shaped aquarium in a situation of selection and of the rate (cm/hour) and direction of locomotion under homogeneous 9vertical) or differential (horizontal) lighting upon only one arm of the aquarium. The light source consisted of daylight fluorescent lamps with a spectrum close to that of natural light, with illumination varying from 28 to 350 lux. Analysis of the data showed that all animals, whether in groups or isolated, were attracted to light, although the time needed to approach the light source was 50% shorter for the former than for the latter. The rate of locomotion of B. straminea was 35% higher than observed in B. glabrata and 51% higher than that observed in B. tenagophila studied under similar conditions. The results are discussed in terms of social factors and geographical distribution of the three species.

Palavras-chave : Biomphalaria straminea; behavior; light.

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