Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Print version ISSN 0074-0276
MARGULIS, Sergio. Economic threshold levels for the velvetbean caterpillar on soybeans in Brazil: the social and the private perspectives. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz [online]. 1987, vol.82, suppl.3, pp. 143-152. ISSN 0074-0276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761987000700026.
Pest Control is treated as a economic problem. The social and the private perspectives differ due to the consideration of the environmental and social impacts as well as technical aspects such as resistance, resurgence and secondary pests. A mathematical model is developed to determine and compare the social and the private optimum control strategies (which define the Economic Thereshold Levels) for the velvetbean caterpillar on soybeans in Brazil. The crop/pest system incorporates effects of predators and parasites, the soybean natural capacity to compensate for injury and the pesticide effects on both pests and its natural enemies; in the social case, the environmental and social impacts and the effects of pest resistance to the pesticide are incorporated. Consideration of density dependence, weather effects, randomnes of pest attack and risk aversion are discussed. The results can be compared with current control practices and IPM programme recomendations.